Reality – Wikipedia summary by WikiSummarizer

This mind map presents  a summary of the Wikipedia article  referencing the "Reality" keyword. The MindManager map was automatically created by WikiSummarizer.

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Here are the 10 keywords and summaries in the Wikipedia article referencing the "Reality" keyword.  

Reality
Reality (100)

           In a wider definition, reality includes everything that is and has been, whether or not it is observable or comprehensible.

Reality
Reality (100)

           In a wider definition, reality includes everything that is and has been, whether or not it is observable or comprehensible.

           Historically, philosophers have sometimes considered reality to include nonexistent things such as "gold mountains" in a sense referred to as a subsistence, as well.

           On a much broader and more subjective level, private experiences, curiosity, inquiry, and the selectivity involved in personal interpretation of events shapes reality as seen by one and only one individual and hence is called phenomenological.

           While this form of reality might be common to others as well, it could at times also be so unique to oneself as to never be experienced or agreed upon by anyone else.

           Such attitudes are summarized in the popular statement, "Perception is reality" or "Life is how you perceive reality" or "reality is what you can get away with" (Robert Anton Wilson), and they indicate anti-realism — that is, the view that there is no objective reality, whether acknowledged explicitly or not.

           The Social Construction of Reality a book about the sociology of knowledge written by Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann was published in 1966.

           Philosophy addresses two different aspects of the topic of reality: the nature of reality itself, and the relationship between the mind (as well as language and culture) and reality.

           A Correspondence theory of knowledge about what exists claims that "true" knowledge of reality represents accurate correspondence of statements about and images of reality with the actual reality that the statements or images are attempting to represent.

           A tension exists between Plato's version of reality, and other versions, in that to reify is to make real, and also the opposite of to abstract, yet Plato's reality goes in the opposite direction, with more abstract being less real.

           In common and technical usage, reality is ambiguously and inconsistently used in relation to the past, present, and future.

           Reality may be used to refer only to the present, since what is in the past no longer exists and what is in the future does not yet exist, and neither past nor future can be directly acted upon.


truth (100)

           The term "truth" has no single definition about which a majority of professional philosophers and scholars agree, and various theories of truth continue to be debated.

           For realists, the world is a set of definite facts, which exist independently of human perceptions ("The world is all that is the case" — Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus), and these facts are the final arbiter of truth.


phenomenology (94)

           Phenomenology is a philosophical method developed in the early years of the twentieth century by Edmund Husserl and a circle of followers at the universities of Göttingen and Munich in Germany.

           In Husserl's conception, phenomenology is primarily concerned with making the structures of consciousness, and the phenomena which appear in acts of consciousness, objects of systematic reflection and analysis.


philosophers (94)

           Historically, philosophers have sometimes considered reality to include nonexistent things such as "gold mountains" in a sense referred to as a subsistence, as well.

           The term "truth" has no single definition about which a majority of professional philosophers and scholars agree, and various theories of truth continue to be debated.

           More specifically, philosophers are given to speaking about "realism about" this and that, such as realism about universals or realism about the external world.


mind (55)

           A still more broad definition includes everything that has existed, exists, or will exist, not just in the mind, or even more broadly also including what is only in the mind.

           Philosophy addresses two different aspects of the topic of reality: the nature of reality itself, and the relationship between the mind (as well as language and culture) and reality.

           Berkeleyan idealism is the view, propounded by the Irish empiricist George Berkeley, that the objects of perception are actually ideas in the mind.

           Finally, anti-realism became a fashionable term for any view which held that the existence of some object depends upon the mind or cultural artifacts.


existence (55)

           By contrast existence is often restricted solely to being (compare with nature).

           Finally, anti-realism became a fashionable term for any view which held that the existence of some object depends upon the mind or cultural artifacts.

           Most modern Platonists avoid the possible ambiguity by not attributing material existence to universals, but merely claiming that they are.


conception (50)

           In Husserl's conception, phenomenology is primarily concerned with making the structures of consciousness, and the phenomena which appear in acts of consciousness, objects of systematic reflection and analysis.


perceptions (47)

           For realists, the world is a set of definite facts, which exist independently of human perceptions ("The world is all that is the case" — Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus), and these facts are the final arbiter of truth.


culture (42)

           Philosophy addresses two different aspects of the topic of reality: the nature of reality itself, and the relationship between the mind (as well as language and culture) and reality.


realism (42)

           Such attitudes are summarized in the popular statement, "Perception is reality" or "Life is how you perceive reality" or "reality is what you can get away with" (Robert Anton Wilson), and they indicate anti-realism — that is, the view that there is no objective reality, whether acknowledged explicitly or not.

           More specifically, philosophers are given to speaking about "realism about" this and that, such as realism about universals or realism about the external world.

           Finally, anti-realism became a fashionable term for any view which held that the existence of some object depends upon the mind or cultural artifacts.

 

 

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